Increase in weight has become epidemic and is the leading problem in United States. An individual is considered overweight if BMI (Body Mass Index) is between 25 to 30 kg per m2 and above 30 kg per m2 is considered as Obese. Common causes of overweight are lack of physical exercise, over eating, over production of hormones, chronic illness, or hormonal stress like pregnancy, or puberty.
Womens weight loss supplement of the year: Acai Berry Blast.
Mens weight loss supplement of the year: Acai Fore Max
Getting the medical and psychological impact of being overweight, it is not surprising that individuals often turn to over-the-counter (OTC) products. For people who are not overweight they also like to tone their body and adapt to muscle building supplements. Often these supplements are considered as “magic bullets”, where-in after taking the supplement it gives results automatically. The most effective way is to couple supplement with lifestyle change that may include healthy low-calorie foods, adequate quantity, frequent small meals and physical activity and exercise.
Before using these supplements it is important to understand the evidence for the efficacy, safety, and quality. Currently market is flooded by hundreds of products claiming weight loss and muscle building; many such products are banned by US Food and Drug Administration for their potential Serious Adverse Effects.
Supplements usually contain cocktail of ingredients, including mixture of herbs, botanicals, vitamins, amino acids, minerals and other add-ons like caffeine or laxatives. Due to increase in number of ingredients it becomes difficult to know how these ingredients interact individually or collectively with body.
Try to read the label and make the best choice for your body. Top ingredients used in the products are:
1. Ingredients that increase energy expenditure, these stimulants can give you a huge initial rush, but later leaves you very tired and depleted of any energy.
2. Supplements Purported to Modulate Carbohydrate Metabolism like Chromium and Ginseng. They play a role in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, potentially influencing weight and body composition.
3. Supplements Purported to Increase Satiety like Glucomannan, Psyllium and Guar Gum. These ingredients are rich in soluble fibers which help in absorbing water from the gut causing increase in satiety and lower caloric intake.
4. Supplements Purported to Increase Fat Oxidation or Reduce Fat Synthesis, like green tea, licorice, Vitamin B5 or L-Carnitine. They help in reducing body fat mass.
5. Supplements Purported to Block Dietary Fat Absorption like Chitosan. Technically they are positively charged polymer and hence they bind to negatively charged fat molecules within the intestinal lumen and hence prevent fat absorption.
Since the awareness and use of dietary supplements is continues increasing it becomes very essential to highly regulate and standardize these products. Standardization may include products Integrity, purity, dissolution and safe manufacturing. It also becomes important to educate ourselves regularly on the dietetics and with evidence based databases.